What diseases or disorders affect the ear?
The most common ear disordersOtitis media: an inflammation of the inner ear caused by a bacteria or virus that causes fluid to accumulate behind the eardrum.
Otosclerosis: the abnormal growth of the small bones in the middle ear.
Tinnitus: a sensation of noise in the head, such as a constant ringing or buzzing.More items…•.
What can cause damage to the inner ear?
Exposure to loud sounds can damage the cells of your inner ear. Damage can occur with long-term exposure to loud noises, or from a short blast of noise, such as from a gunshot. Heredity. Your genetic makeup may make you more susceptible to ear damage from sound or deterioration from aging.
How do you treat inner ear imbalance?
Medications, such as steroids, can reduce inner ear inflammation, and water pills can reduce fluid buildup. For people who have recurrent episodes of vertigo, a physical therapy called vestibular rehabilitation can help.
Can MRI show inner ear problems?
MRI scans use a magnetic field and radio waves to create computerized, three-dimensional images of the ear and the nerve that carries signals from the inner ear to the brain. An MRI scan may reveal a buildup of fluid or inflammation in the inner ear or a growth on the nerve.
How does a doctor diagnose inner ear problems?
The balance system is located primarily in your inner ear, and as such, a hearing test is a common first diagnostic procedure. Although your balance system is located primarily in the inner ear, it is connected with the brain and brainstem, the eyes, and the sensory nerves throughout your body.
Which of the following are disorders of the inner ear?
Acoustic neuroma.Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.Drug-induced ototoxicity.Herpes zoster oticus.Meniere disease.Purulent labyrinthitis.Vestibular neuronitis.